Science is the way knowledge is studied and practiced systematically and structurally by using observation and experiment. World science cannot be meant only on restricted area of physical and natural knowledge. It is a wide and broad topic that can be fully developed in many ways. There are many types of science that have been developed for centuries. Thousand years ago, there are many unanswered questions. However, through the development of science, one by one we can unravel tangled thread. We can answer those questions using science. It is interesting to see the journey of world science to help people understanding the way universe works. Historically, world science is developed through the culture, the place, and the following era. We are going to discuss briefly the way world science is developed in many different ways.
In prehistoric time, world science was developed and learned using oral tradition. The knowledge was passed from generation to generation by telling orally. It is because in this era there was still no development of writing system. In this Early culture, world science still only referred to the way people understanding the natural phenomena and how to use the phenomena for their life. For example, about 9000 years ago, people in southern Mexico have already developed agricultural. People started to know which plants that could be eat, which plants that could be used as medicines. People also learned to grow some plants. People also started to understand the pattern of weather that can help them in agricultural. Another example is the discovery of fire. In early culture, making a fire has become the most impressive development of science in their daily life. By having ability to make fire, people in early culture can survive from the cold weather. It is known that astronomical knowledge started to be developed. People used stars to guide their way when they had to travel. In this era, besides using oral tradition, people also drew some pictures in the rock to pass the knowledge. After knowing the writing system, people started to write the science in order to record the science so that it could be passed to the next generation. In this era, the development of world science became faster than before. Starting with asking many questions, people started to understand and answer many questions in science.
In early culture, world science was developed following the culture and the place where the science is used. Ancient Egypt made a significant development of astronomy, mathematic and medicines. This significant development was influenced by the way people lived in that place and in that era. Ancient Egypt also made significant development in geometry. This development was influence by the Nile River that annually flooded. People started to preserve the layout of farmland in order to solve a problem of flooded Nile River. India, china, Middle East, and other also made some significant developments of world science such as linguistic, mathematic, medicines, and astronomy. Each development was influenced by each characteristic of place.
Modern Era was started from the age of Enlightenment that happened mainly in Europe. Some genius such as Newton, Descartes, Pascal and Leibniz made impressive developments in mathematics, physics, and technology. Philosophical science was also grown rapidly in the age of Enlightenment. In Modern Era, world science grew even rapidly. Many natural sciences such as physics, chemistry, geology, Astronomy, biology, and ecology grew rapidly. Many social sciences such as linguistic, political science, economics, psychology, sociology, and anthropology were also made significant progress. Many geniuses helped this rapid development such as Isaac Newton in Mathematic, Albert Einstein in psychics, Dmitri Mendeleev in chemistry, etc.
By looking the history, we can say that it is impossible to stop the development of world science. In the near future, it is possible that many questions will be answered. There will be many new discoveries. People are expected to be opened and wise in responding the rapid development of world science.